Shut up and get on the rocket!

Group 24 Discussing the ethical implications of Mars colonisation Introduction: the pre-launch countdown Colonisation of Mars has been an ambition of humanity for generations, however, its ethical implications are extensive: on the one hand, humans are living on an Earth with ever-decreasing resources, on the other, the planet has no life, no oxygen, no air … Continue reading Shut up and get on the rocket!

Carbon Trading: Progress or Pretence?

Group 25 Emissions Trading System (ETS), an adaptation of the Kyoto Treaty in 2005, is commonly known as ‘Carbon Trading’. It is the trade of emissions under the cap-and-trade scheme devised to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHG). It aims at holding industries accountable for their contributions towards climate change without affecting their business operations. How? … Continue reading Carbon Trading: Progress or Pretence?

Is it ethical for pharmaceutical companies to charge what they want for their products?

Group 83 In this article we will be discussing the ethics behind pharmaceutical companies and the pricing of their products. The NHS and Vertex pharmaceuticals are currently in a stalemate in their negotiations, regarding the pricing of a cystic fibrosis treatment, Orkambi. This drug has the ability to slow the decline of lung functionality and … Continue reading Is it ethical for pharmaceutical companies to charge what they want for their products?

The trolley problem in self-driving vehicles

Group 65 Autonomous vehicles or self-driving cars has shown various advantage comparing with traditional vehicles, especially in automated trucks industries. Tremendous investment and research have been done by automobile manufactures and AI companies.  This article is considering an ethical thought experiment, which developed from the “trolley problem”. Imagine you are driving/sitting in an autonomous vehicle … Continue reading The trolley problem in self-driving vehicles

Keystone XL: Do the Needs of the Many Outweigh the Needs of the Few?

Group 17 Keystone XL. You may have heard this name thrown around, but what’s the big deal, and why is it still causing such fierce opposition? The XL project, proposed back in 2008 by TransCanada, would modify the existing Keystone pipeline that runs crude oil from both Canada and the US to refineries on the … Continue reading Keystone XL: Do the Needs of the Many Outweigh the Needs of the Few?

Modern day Frankenstein prepares for world’s first head transplant

Group 5 The news that Sergio Canavero, an Italian surgeon, and his colleague, Xiaoping Ren of China, plan to perform a ‘head transplant’ with an intention of ‘execution’, surfaced in 2017. Albeit, the pair now state that the procedure is imminent. The procedure (above) involves taking the head of an individual, unable to use their … Continue reading Modern day Frankenstein prepares for world’s first head transplant

SHOCKING: Find Out What the Government Doesn’t Want You to Know About AI!

Group 37 In February 2013 a Wisconsin man, Eric Loomis, became the first criminal to receive a sentence strongly influenced by artificial intelligence (AI). Loomis was determined high-risk by COMPAS, the risk-assessing algorithm, and subsequently sentenced to 6 years in prison. The sentence was followed by an appeal, arguing that the risk score violated human … Continue reading SHOCKING: Find Out What the Government Doesn’t Want You to Know About AI!

Should HS2 company evacuate residents with satisfying compensation?

Group 64 The HS2 is facing with the problems now: their planed railway needs to remove some families (around 270,000 families will be influenced by this project). For the public now, they must meet problem with lower compensation than open market price of their houses which. For the HS2 company they must consider the time, … Continue reading Should HS2 company evacuate residents with satisfying compensation?

A Brand New Way to Explore Space: Should the space elevator be built?

Group 15 With the rapid development of science and technology, humankind has begun to take the step of exploration into space. Recently, Space Elevator, a cutting-edge planet-to-space transportation system has been introduced. The concept of it is that a very long cable is fixed on the earth and then extended to space. This will allow … Continue reading A Brand New Way to Explore Space: Should the space elevator be built?

YOU WON’T BELIEVE HOW FAST THE US CAN KILL YOU WITH AI! CLICK HERE TO FIND OUT!

Group 48 The US Army recently had to assuage fears over their so called ‘killer robots’ after plans to upgrade their current Advanced Targeting and Lethality Automated System (ATLAS) in ground combat vehicles’ weaponry emerged. The Defence Department aim to use ATLAS alongside tank crews to “acquire, identify, and engage targets at least three times … Continue reading YOU WON’T BELIEVE HOW FAST THE US CAN KILL YOU WITH AI! CLICK HERE TO FIND OUT!

Artificial Islands – Beneficial or Detrimental?

Group 61 Along with the modernization, the advancement and evolvement in the construction field have shed light on how rapid the world scenario is nowadays. Construction of an artificial island over the ocean is one of the most significant development, combining both human intelligence and technology. Generally, artificial island is made by using the land … Continue reading Artificial Islands – Beneficial or Detrimental?

Should automatic system have high-level control permission among vehicle?

Group 26 Nowadays, automatic system has already been employed in a wide field. With a high-level of control permission, automatic system in vehicles can act as a “driver” to take over the control of vehicle. But such high-level of control permission for automatic system can cause many ethical problems such as how to judge the … Continue reading Should automatic system have high-level control permission among vehicle?

Is it ethical for engineers to work on projects for the Qatar World Cup?

Group 41 In 2010, FIFA awarded the right to host the 2022 World Cup to Qatar. The decision was controversial and has since been marred by allegations of corruption and the use of slave labour and unpaid migrant work in the construction of facilities for the tournament. It has been suggested that one of the … Continue reading Is it ethical for engineers to work on projects for the Qatar World Cup?

Should engineers provide private information of their clients to the government?

Group 56 Countries and media responded immediately when PRISM was exposed. The most concern is mass surveillance circumvents our right to personal data control. No one wants to be Truman. However, the United State keeps on collecting citizen information and uses it. As President Obama told the crowd, “I think it’s important to recognize that … Continue reading Should engineers provide private information of their clients to the government?

Securing engineering contracts in developing countries — is corruption a necessary evil?

Group 20 The fate of many companies, CEOs and even western governments has been shaped by the eruption of corruption scandals linked to foreign investment. Only in 2011 the UK’s parliament passed The Bribery Act (1)which holds a “commercial organization” liable for “failure … to prevent bribery” and it is partly inspired by the American … Continue reading Securing engineering contracts in developing countries — is corruption a necessary evil?

Engineering – You’re Hired? The Machine Learning Revolution

Group 59 Most companies now feature video interviews as part of their recruitment process to evaluate potential candidates. These interviews are increasingly being assessed by machine learning (ML). ML, in this context, applies algorithms to quantitatively identify successful features in human behaviour as observed in the video interview. For example, features such as facial expressions, … Continue reading Engineering – You’re Hired? The Machine Learning Revolution

Children and Technology: Development or Disaster?

Group 47 Can you survive in a world where smartphones and computers do not exist? Tech giants such as Microsoft and Google have been shaping the future that we are living in right now. Embracing Internet of Things have changed how we deal with matters such as communication, shopping and entertainment. However, excessive reliance has … Continue reading Children and Technology: Development or Disaster?

Should we implement delivery drones?

Group 58 The online shopping industry is continually growing, with the UK’s e-commerce market becoming the third largest in the world. Accordingly, retail focus is shifting towards optimising product shipping, by reducing delivery cost and time. Drones are the next technological leap, carrying packages of 30kg at 54 km/h and have direct routes to customers. … Continue reading Should we implement delivery drones?

Is the use of animal testing for medical purposes considered ethical?

Group 72 The development of new medical treatments for both infectious and non-infectious diseases within the United States relies heavily on the usage of animal testing. The main purpose of these studies focuses on drug testing and toxicological screening. In 2016, the USDA reported a 7% rise in the usage of animal testing, reaching over … Continue reading Is the use of animal testing for medical purposes considered ethical?

Predictive Policing: Will cameras become racist?

Group 32 No New Faces For decades, technologies have been helping law enforcement to solve crime, it therefore doesn’t come as a surprise that, presently, machine learning has become the preferred method to tackle crime. However, using data analysis technology to predict crimes before it happens is a relatively new idea. Such a possibility may seem like a plot from … Continue reading Predictive Policing: Will cameras become racist?

One Small Step for Man, One Giant Weep for Mankind?

Group 80 On July 20th 1969, America celebrated a global triumph when Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin stepped foot on the Moon. However, the US government spent the equivalent of over $150 billion and lost the lives of eight US citizens. This begs the question, “Should America have sent man to the Moon?” At the … Continue reading One Small Step for Man, One Giant Weep for Mankind?

Biomass: Energy of the Future or (Bio)Massive Waste of Space

Group 79 With greenhouse gas emissions at an all-time high and global non-renewable resources depleting rapidly, drastic reform is required in the way we produce our energy. Nuclear remains an unpopular option, wind and solar cannot be depended on for consistent generation, and battery storage technologies are decades away from large-scale feasibility. Biomass provides cheap, … Continue reading Biomass: Energy of the Future or (Bio)Massive Waste of Space

Whistleblowers: Should they be sued for leaking secrets?

Group 77 As an engineer, you can be exposed to sensitive information that you may find disturbing or believe to be illegal. You overhear someone talking about shortcuts they’ve taken in the design process or find a report of malpractice in your company that could put lives at risk. What do you do with that … Continue reading Whistleblowers: Should they be sued for leaking secrets?

Was it ethical to award Fritz Haber the Nobel Prize?

Group 57 Nobel Prizes, in their respective field, are awarded annually to those that have made the most important discovery or improvement. Some might consider the winners of Nobel Prizes to be controversial, especially the German chemist Fritz Haber who was awarded the prize in 1918 for his work in synthesising ammonia. Today, the process … Continue reading Was it ethical to award Fritz Haber the Nobel Prize?

Is Virtual Reality a good substitute for real-life training for engineering applications?

Group 9 Virtual Reality (VR) is a barrier-breaking technology which allows complete immersion into a virtual environment, letting communication of ideas be easily and economically undertaken worldwide. The usage of VR within engineering in particular provides a competitive advantage within the training sphere, allowing previously dangerous and costly instructional processes to be undertaken much more … Continue reading Is Virtual Reality a good substitute for real-life training for engineering applications?

Is personal privacy data analyzed by high-tech company reasonable?

Group 19 Nowadays, with the rapid development of online services, people start enjoying the convenience of the personalized services from online shopping websites to social media. However, the safety of the privacy data collected by the high-tech companies who provide online services remains a big concern. In the following discussion, we will provide for/against views … Continue reading Is personal privacy data analyzed by high-tech company reasonable?

Should All Locks Have Keys? – The FBI-Apple Encryption Dispute

Group 51 On December 2nd 2015, fourteen people were killed and twenty-two others were seriously injured in a terrorist attack perpetrated in San Bernardino, California [1]. The FBI recovered an iPhone 5C owned by one the shooters involved in the attack. The phone had been locked with a four-digit password and was programmed to automatically … Continue reading Should All Locks Have Keys? – The FBI-Apple Encryption Dispute

Should Robots Have the Right to Kill?

Group 33 Humans have been trusting autonomous weaponry to some extent in order to protect their country. However, the application of robot troopers in warfare has prompted a debate among military planners, roboticists and ethicists on the development and utilisation of these robots with minimal human oversight. Armed, autonomous robot is designed and engineered to … Continue reading Should Robots Have the Right to Kill?

The Application of Big Data In Organizations, Take A Break?

Group 81 Since the information age, data has begun to show exponential explosions. The continuous development of data plays a vital role in our daily lives. For the processing of larger data, big data technology has been developed to quickly and effectively extract valuable information. The collection, usage, and dissemination of these data are usually … Continue reading The Application of Big Data In Organizations, Take A Break?

Is it ethical to implement gene-edited technology into human embryonic stem cell?

Group 44 In November of 2018, A Chinese scientist claimed that he had “produced” the world first Gene-edited twins who were born healthily. This man, whose name is He Jiankui, claimed that he used a Gene-editing technique called clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic Repeats (CRISPR) to modify a certain genome (CCR5) in two embryos to … Continue reading Is it ethical to implement gene-edited technology into human embryonic stem cell?

Based on the implementation of GDPR: Should privacy of individuals be public?

Group 36 The EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) will come into force in the UK at 25th May 2019. It will change the methods of how companies and individuals collect, store and share data [1]. Under these rules, companies who rely on individuals’ consent to collect their data will face tougher restrictions. Therefore, the … Continue reading Based on the implementation of GDPR: Should privacy of individuals be public?

Should Autonomous Robots be Fighting on the Front Lines?

Group 84 As modern technology improves, the possibility of robots replacing soldiers in the front lines becomes more and more likely. Already, units such as the Foster-Miller TALON exist, which is a multi-terrain rover that can be equipped with weaponry and controlled remotely [1]. Currently, these types of semi-autonomous robots are restricted because there must … Continue reading Should Autonomous Robots be Fighting on the Front Lines?

Do you love wearing oxygen masks? No? Well let’s stop trying to leave earth!

Group 46 In the vast mass of untouched ‘space’ lies undiscovered mysteries that may be resourceful to our planet, and very beneficial to humanity and its continued existence. The colonization of space is humanity’s only backup plan to survive extinction if the earth dies of pollution. Nonetheless, space research may be a waste of monetary … Continue reading Do you love wearing oxygen masks? No? Well let’s stop trying to leave earth!

Is Planned Obsolescence Beneficial to Society? Or Should we use the Law to Intervene?

Group 70 The ‘Planned Obsolescence’ business model has been implemented within our society since the early 1900’s. Now it’s use within society is of increasing interest from consumers and governments alike. However, its existence is much deeper that one may initially perceive. It influences much more than the amount of cash in Tim Cook’s back … Continue reading Is Planned Obsolescence Beneficial to Society? Or Should we use the Law to Intervene?

Should governments microchip citizens?

Group 11 Microchip implants. A common term familiar to most pet and animal lovers. This technology has helped many owners reunite with their lost pets by giving each one a unique identification number. Lost pets cost charities and authorities £33 million per year to return pets to their owners, therefore, according to the utility principle, … Continue reading Should governments microchip citizens?

Manufacturing Barbiturates; The Suicide Industry

Group 55 The state of Victoria in Australia has recently legalised assisted suicide, stoking debate about whether it is ethically justifiable for patients in certain conditions to end their own lives. A 2015 poll indicated that 82% of British adults and 86% of disabled adults supported the legalisation of assisted suicide. In this article we … Continue reading Manufacturing Barbiturates; The Suicide Industry

Social Credit System (SCS): Big Data Bliss or A Dystopian Rating Programme?

Group 4 Black mirror’s social scoring episode ‘Nosedive’ is becoming a reality in China. Dubbed as the pioneer of digital social-domination in history, China’s SCS will be implemented nationwide by 2020. SCS is a reputation system produced by the government that aims to assess, manage and rate the social, moral, financial and political behaviour of … Continue reading Social Credit System (SCS): Big Data Bliss or A Dystopian Rating Programme?

Natural gas: Reliable or clean energy?

Group 71 The United Nations projects the world population to reach 9.7 billion people by the year 2050; the rate of urbanization of the past decade was unprecedented. Mankind’s insatiable demand for energy cannot be overlooked. From 1973 to 2016, the proportion of the world’s energy generated using natural gas increased from 12.1% to 23.2%. … Continue reading Natural gas: Reliable or clean energy?

Should Animals of the Past be a Part of Our Future?

Group 52 The list of extinct species is growing at an unprecedented rate, membership of which has been permanently until very recently. Is it our ethical obligation to ‘de-extinct’? When a species goes extinct it is a sad loss. Whether it be down to inevitability or outside involvement, what should be done about it? Advancements … Continue reading Should Animals of the Past be a Part of Our Future?

Single Use Plastics in the Medical Industry

Group 68 Plastic’s availability, cost-effectiveness and sterile nature make it a material of widespread importance within the medical industry. However, many plastic items such as IV drips, syringes and bandages must be disposed of after a single use due to the inability of the plastic to be adequately disinfected. This incurs a huge cost on … Continue reading Single Use Plastics in the Medical Industry

RoboDoc: Should AI robots be developed for elderly care?

Group 35 An aging population combined with a shortage of skilled caregivers has resulted in the elderly facing the difficult situation of having to go into a care home or to live at home with inadequate support. In the past few years, Artificial Intelligence (AI) robots have become increasingly advanced and can now perform social … Continue reading RoboDoc: Should AI robots be developed for elderly care?

Should engineers have aided in the development of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC)?

Group 76 Socrates once said that “The only true wisdom is knowing that you know nothing” [1], hence was discovering new subatomic particles such as “The God Particle” an act of trying to attain wisdom or to generate a disparity in a worldwide society so heavily polarised between religion and science? Furthermore, was it right … Continue reading Should engineers have aided in the development of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC)?

Cameras on Campus: Facial monitoring in Hangzhou school

Group 60 You’ve received your school report card… It reads, A in Mathematics, B in English, B in Science and so on, but this year you’ve received an extra score from the all-seeing assistant – the “smart eye”. Using cameras and the latest artificial intelligence software, this robotic assistant has been tracking the behaviour of … Continue reading Cameras on Campus: Facial monitoring in Hangzhou school

Autonomous vehicles should protect the ‘driver’ and its passengers at all costs!

Group 13 With driverless cars looking sure to be a staple of our future, and to be commonplace on the roads by 2030 [1], the ethics behind them is being questioned. Given the unlikely scenario where a fatal accident is inevitable, and the autonomous vehicle must choose between the life of the person in the … Continue reading Autonomous vehicles should protect the ‘driver’ and its passengers at all costs!

Under the Eye of ‘Skynet’

Group 31 Background The Skynet Project, China’s national surveillance system, has deployed more than 170 million cameras in public spaces across the country, covering 1.4 billion people (1). It can monitor and distinguish vehicles and pedestrians at exact time. On the screen of the control panel, relevant information is marked next to the monitored target. … Continue reading Under the Eye of ‘Skynet’

Should we invest in healthcare technologies that are primarily intended to extend the life of terminally ill patients?

Group 67 Medical technology is becoming more and more advanced all the time. Previously incurable diseases are now curable, and what may have once been terminal prognoses of weeks can now be extended to months or even years. However, choices must always be made regarding where investment should be placed. Should we invest in prolonging … Continue reading Should we invest in healthcare technologies that are primarily intended to extend the life of terminally ill patients?

The ‘backdoor’ – should anyone use it?

Group 8 How would you feel if others could access your personal data and information? Do you think you’ve got nothing to hide? Most modern phones have the ability to store and automatically enter usernames and passwords, as well as keeping records of your phone calls, texts and those late night Googles. Encryption has been … Continue reading The ‘backdoor’ – should anyone use it?

Should we Work People to death? The Use of Exoskeleton’s to Increase the Retirement Age.

Group 30 By 2040 it is predicted that 1 in 7 people in the UK will be over 75, placing a significant strain on the economy. Currently the social security and health spending associated with old age accounts for over 40% of their respective budgets. This is likely to increase as the population ages, which … Continue reading Should we Work People to death? The Use of Exoskeleton’s to Increase the Retirement Age.

Texas company tests their bulletproof windshield by putting their own CEO behind the wheel, between justification and ethical consequences

Group 27 According to the Texas armouring corporation website, 80-90% of terrorism takes place when the victim is traveling by vehicle. There are about 60 thousand kidnapping cases which are reported per year with about 70% of them being solved by the victim paying the kidnapper the demanded price with no assurance to remain alive[1]. … Continue reading Texas company tests their bulletproof windshield by putting their own CEO behind the wheel, between justification and ethical consequences

Is the use of animal testing for medical purposes considered ethical?

Group 72 The development of new medical treatments for both infectious and non-infectious diseases within the United States relies heavily on the usage of animal testing. The main purpose of these studies focuses on drug testing and toxicological screening. In 2016, the USDA reported a 7% rise in the usage of animal testing, reaching over … Continue reading Is the use of animal testing for medical purposes considered ethical?

Should Maglev trains be further developed?

Group 21 Traditional trains are operated by steam, fuel, electricity, etc., while maglev trains rely on the electromagnetic force provided by electromagnetic fields to operate. Because of its high speed and low emission, it is imported and used by some countries, and it has become the world’s most innovative fifth-generation transportation vehicle. However, when people … Continue reading Should Maglev trains be further developed?

Radio-frequency Identification (RFID) Microchip Implants: stairway to wellness or the new James Bond?

Group 49 In 2017, thousands of citizens from Sweden were turning on coffee machines and their cars with a wave of their palm. Was this the Fifth Element? What even was this sorcery? As sci-fi as this sounds and something completely out of Doc Brown’s inventions from “Back to the Future”, the fact is the … Continue reading Radio-frequency Identification (RFID) Microchip Implants: stairway to wellness or the new James Bond?

Will China’s belt and road initiative benefit the people of Africa?

Group 43 The Belt and Road initiative is an aggressive Chinese development campaign to establish trade infrastructure throughout its neighbouring nations and beyond. It will provide much needed improvement to Africa’s infrastructure, increasing the quality of life for the people while also developing the local economy. Improved transportation links within the continent will support advancement … Continue reading Will China’s belt and road initiative benefit the people of Africa?

Growing Pain- Should the Medical Devices Industry be more Heavily Regulated?

Group 75 At this moment it is estimated that globally 1 in 7 people are in need of some form of medical device in order to carry out their daily activities. In light of the fact that the global population is increasingly living longer, more sedentary lives, this number will most likely increase. This would … Continue reading Growing Pain- Should the Medical Devices Industry be more Heavily Regulated?

Virtual Reality or Virtual Mortality? Should VR (Virtual Reality) be used to aid medical and surgical procedures?

Group 18 Virtual Reality (VR) has revolutionised the manner in which humans visualise, adapt and interact with simulated environments and its applications within the field of healthcare has extended from student medical training to pseudo surgical collaborations. Medicine can be envisaged as a balance of trade-offs, where the benefits associated with implementing this pioneering technology … Continue reading Virtual Reality or Virtual Mortality? Should VR (Virtual Reality) be used to aid medical and surgical procedures?

Should planned obsolescence be a part of modern engineering design?

Group 29 Introduction Planned obsolescence is the method of stimulating consumer demand by designing products that become redundant after limited use (1). It can be presented as death dating, design for limited repair, and design aesthetics that lead to reduced satisfaction (2). These processes aim to shorten the usable life of a product in order to drive … Continue reading Should planned obsolescence be a part of modern engineering design?

Brave New World: Should Engineers Continue To Develop Ectogenesis?

Group 66 Ectogenesis is the “the development of embryos in artificial conditions outside the uterus”. In 2002, scientists at Cornel University claimed their first success in artificial womb research, created an artificial womb by cultivating endometrial cells on an artificial biodegradable scaffolding. Spurred to multiply with growth hormones and oestrogen, the cells took the shape … Continue reading Brave New World: Should Engineers Continue To Develop Ectogenesis?

Should Smartphone Manufacturers Engage in Planned Obsolescence?

Group 54 Large electronics companies have developed engaging, ground-breaking technologies that live in our pockets. However, despite being a feat of technological development, the performance of many smartphones deteriorates within 2 years. Phone functionality reduces due to a process called planned obsolescence; the designing of engineered components or software to systematically falter after a specific … Continue reading Should Smartphone Manufacturers Engage in Planned Obsolescence?

Should a ban be placed on road-legal performance cars?

Group 10 Whether we see them in motorsports, popular TV shows, or notice heads turning when we see them on public roads, high performance cars are undeniably popular feats of engineering. Regarding either electric vehicles (EVs) or conventional, there is an expectation of continuously beating previous performance records. Simple mechanics dictates that “increasing performance” – … Continue reading Should a ban be placed on road-legal performance cars?

Rotten Apple – Built to Fail?

Group 3 In 2016, Apple openly admitted to the slowing down of their iPhones. This strengthened consumer concerns about the longevity of Apple’s products, and raised questions as to whether the technology firm were deliberately limiting the life of their products. Apple confirmed that software updates were slowing down older models, allegedly to account for … Continue reading Rotten Apple – Built to Fail?

Should the government allow fracking to be integrated into the UK’s energy supply?

Group 6 The recent start-up of fracking tests in Lancashire by Cuadrilla has resurfaced many of the concerns regarding fracking operations in the UK. Fracking involves drilling into shale rock reserves and injecting a mixture of water, sand and chemicals at high pressure to extract oil and gas. Many argue that fracking would strengthen the … Continue reading Should the government allow fracking to be integrated into the UK’s energy supply?

Genetic Engineering: Is it time to fix what God got wrong?

Group 69 The human race has long-sought to improve itself, be this by the implementation of education, or the development of certain technologies. We are now, however, on the precipice of a whole new era of human improvement: genetic engineering. Editing the human genome has been a hotly debated topic for some time; the scientific … Continue reading Genetic Engineering: Is it time to fix what God got wrong?

Should terraforming planets occur knowing it will lead to the detriment of Earth and a class division of the human race?

Group 40 Terraformation is the intentional moulding of a planet to create Earth like conditions for colonisation. Assuming Earth’s civilisation is technologically advanced enough to be considering terraformation as a solution to an imminent species crisis, the ethics of terraformation should be explored. An important discussion considering interplanetary travel would only allow the wealthy to … Continue reading Should terraforming planets occur knowing it will lead to the detriment of Earth and a class division of the human race?

Should Cultured Meat Become the Norm?

Group 38 Cultured meat used to be science fiction, but it is rapidly becoming reality: In 2013, the first lab-grown hamburger was produced, costing $250,000. By 2021, Mosa Meat hopes to commercialise cultured meat. Manufacturers claim cultured meat could slash agricultural emissions while meeting rising global food demand. But, is manipulating life this way a … Continue reading Should Cultured Meat Become the Norm?