Drone in Field of Corn

Group 71

Group 71

Drone, also known as Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) has granted the world with being prominence in its capabilities to deliver high technology surveillance while having effectiveness in mobility. All around the world, organizations, companies and governments are using drones for various purposes such as delivery, aerial photography and surveillance. Law enforcement bodies took the initiative of using drones in handling crimes while not putting themselves in jeopardies. However, would drones be the best medium for crime-fighting arsenals?

Drone: Your Associate or Enemy?

The US Customs and Boarder Protection agency sees drone as a potential unmanned aerial system for monitoring their borders against human traffickers. The drones equipped with advanced sensors, infrared cameras and facial-recognition capabilities allow it to identify and cross-reference any individual with applicable law enforcement database. This identification scheme would be extremely valuable for Border Patrol agents to use drones in arresting human traffickers that they encounter, whether they have a previous criminal record or not. The agency soliciting proposals have already sparked interest from companies in which whoever manage to submit a prototype that is in line with the agency’s needs will receive $200,000 to help in further development and production.

Furthermore, the use of drones for regular inspection and monitoring at high places will reduce the risks of work accidents as per airborne surveys. In 2007, National Statistic recorded 40 cases for fatal injuries and 43,000 cases for non-fatal injuries from falling from a height. This resulted in losses of hundreds of million dollars a year for medical costs and costs for absence at work. Utilizing drones also alleviated the need of trained personnel to operate expensive manned helicopters and help in reducing costs as fewer workforce and equipment are involved.

Hooded Man Launching a DronePossibilities of users abusing the drone functionality are also a concern as civilians may get harmed. In the United Kingdom, these issues are dealt under the Civil Aviation Act 1982 and the Air Navigation Order 2009 which provides the set of rules in operating a drone. To protect the privacy of the public, The United states has enforced the code of conduct which is consistent with the 4th Amendment of the US Constitution. It states that a warrant is needed by the law enforcement body to carry out an inspection where privacy violation might appear and that the collected information must be specific and targeted. It is the responsibility of the users to have awareness in compliantly operating the drones, and not to misuse it by negatively impacting the environment and society. Sophisticated technology emerges through time to help us in everyday life but can go wrong under the hands of irresponsible individuals.

How far we have come?

The worst practical function of a drone is when the military decided to use it as leverage in warfare. In this situation, pilots have the privilege to control the drone remotely from a cubicle and avoid being physically present on the battlefield. As stated by PW singer, “there is always a connection between a world of war and a world of entertainment”. He continued his statement by expressing, “I call this phenomenon ‘militament’ where military world is now pulling tools from the world of entertainment to do their jobs”.  Some cultures consider this act as cold hearted and coward. While the drone movement can be controlled precisely, the aftermath of destruction done by it is still unpredictable as it can leave behind collateral damages, such as the deaths of many civilians, including children. According to The Bureau of Investigative Journalism.

801 civilians were killed in Pakistan, Libya, Yemen and Somalia for a period of seven years starting from January 2009. Anna Schwenkenbecher stated that the incidental harm can only be morally permissible when the violent agents comply a very high standard of care and that they must accept pains to avoid such harm even at higher cost to him- or herself.  In this case, clearly the drone warfare does not comply with this standard of care thus violate the military ethics.

The United States Principal Government sees drone technology as a secure and efficient weapon. However, what if there is a risk that bandits may exploit this technology?  They would see this as an opportunity to use it as a weapon against their victims. With the evolution of present-day hacking, it is easier for them to take over and abuse protected systems thus gaining power.  In another context, drone delivery service is also turning into a network of criminal activities as uncivilized people would use this as an advantage for them to perform payload theft on the parcels that are being delivered.

According to Bruce Snell, which is the director of Intel Cyber-Security and Privacy, hijacking becomes much easier with the availability of hacking toolkits like the pre-packaged software and code. Another popular method of drone hijacking is through GPS spoofing attack where the attackers would send fake geographic coordinates to the drone’s control system. This will then deceive the information on the board system of the drone to go to the attackers’ intended locations. Other than that, the attackers are also capable to intercept, modify, delay and block the actual information of the drone for their inhuman intentions. Hijacking is also made easy with the leak of encrypted GPS signal. Professor Noel Sharkey which is the co-founder of the International Committee for Robot Arms Control said that “it’s easy to spoof an unencrypted drone. Anybody technically skilled could do this – it would cost them some £700 for the equipment and that’s it.”

In conclusion, a lot of unpleasant things could be done with the development of this drone technology that would give a harmful impact to the civilians. As a solution to mitigate those dangerous criminal activities, the governments and other responsible bodies should use their influences in taking a meticulous attention on this matter to prevent such things from happening that could potentially lead to international conflicts or even worst, wars.

49 thoughts on “Group 71

  1. Can you clarify this sentence “801 civilians were killed in Pakistan, Libya, Yemen and Somalia for a period of seven years starting from January 2009” please?
    Are these deaths attributable to drones?

    This is an interesting article but you need to bring in more ethical considerations and discussion.

  2. Nice topic. I think drones has its pros and cons to the humanity in the future. However as we’re living in digital era it might be good to use this drone technology if it can be utilised for good intentions.

  3. Yes, this is the maximum amount of civilians killed by airstrike/drones estimated by TBIJ. Worst case scenario, this can be done by drones alone and that’s why it is pointed in this article as it is clearly breach the military ethics.

  4. Drones are devices that have a great potential. They could facilitate our lives, by becoming a new way of delivery or so much more. But instead, the world has seen the bad use that they can give to these devices. Therefore, I think we need some strict rules for the use of Drones.

  5. Its really good article, drone implementation in society and military. However, there’s a lot of question can be asked, perhaps on how far the civilian can optimise this technology concerning the environment privacy and security. Because we know most common problem regarding this drone usage is it’s misuse, especially flying a drone near an airport. Which apparent causing chaos and severe disruption.
    Anyhow, everything has its pros and cons. The critical thing here is how we manage the technology, policy and legalise this technology. There are a lot of drawback at the early of every technology implementation. However, after the age of maturity, it will become better hopefully with strict regulation and better technology.

  6. The advancement of drone technology does present many opportunities for good. However, it raises far more ethical concerns. It is important to consider things like how to we introduce drones into society and the economy without causing huge job loss? The risk of hacking also carries sever consequences.

  7. good arguments on both sides.

    drones no doubt have great potential and if used correctly, can help millions of lives. but the question is who sets the regulations and how does one regulate drone usage to ensure its benefits are maximised without compromising ethics.

    Drone usage in warefare means less pilot casualties (or none, in fact), but then again, civilians are often included in the targets.

    In modern society i think drones can be of great benefit. In warfares however, things must improve. ‘Accidents happen’ is no excuse for civilian casualties.

  8. An interesting article. I do believe drones do have their pros and cons. You mentioned about drones being used in warfare causing millions of innocent lives killed. With current developing technology, I get why militaries choose drones as their weapons. However, my main concern with that is how efficient is the drone in only targeting their intended target? Drones must possess maximum security to avoid being hacked.I heard a lot of news about drones getting hacked and sent off elsewhere. That is terrifying because you’ll never know what might the hackers target instead.

    I also have few friends who own drones for recreational purposes (for photography mostly). They seem to be enjoying it as they get to take footage of sceneries when travelling. So I guess with developing technology, we just have to find a way to ensure that no misuse of technology can occur easily. Hopefully one day, we’ll come to that!

  9. A very good article. It highlighted the pros and cons of the drone. Besides looking into public perspective (drone might be harmful, drone might be hijacked), the military (assists in monitoring an area paspect is discussed as well. Like a say, “a coin has two faces”, which it might and would be harmful to others but with proper guidelines, clear policy, the impact or risk may be reduced.

  10. This is an interesting article explaining the importance and uses of drone in future technology. it is amazing how from a toy and recreational activity became a dominance in protecting the environment and monitoring spaces. This changed how the military defence system works, not to add that some occupation chances can be eliminated. when it comes to wireless connection the authorities have to keep in mind they are vulnerable to cyber attack. Even the strongest antivirus on a computer can get hacked. As the drone is being controlled wirelessly, another method of safety precaution has to be implement in order to mitigate unexpected behaviour of the drone. Responsibility is the key to help avoid misuse of this technology. if the drone is big and might be using petrol, pollution needs to be considered ass well.

  11. The pros regarding the usage of drones were not clear. For instance, it was mentioned that with drones it reduces the risks of work accidents, such as? The cons however, were very informative.

    There needs to be more discussion as well to argue both sides of its usage instead of only stating facts.

    Even so, it’s a good article and without a doubt has brought up reliable information with arguments that can support the statements provided.

  12. This is a very good article. Well done to these guys. I always thought having drone is just for fun, capturing picture or making a fun video. But never came into my mind that drone can be utilized into a weapon. This is not a good way of transforming something that fun and unhurmful to something that can cause lost of lives. For me, if the military want to use drone to help them with spying or minitoring any convoy than that is fine. But if they use it as a medium to drop a bombs, then that’s really wrong and not ethical.

    So, i believe that it is better to keep the drones as recreational activities or hobby because people might be afraid if they see drones flying around their house after they know what the military drones do to civilians.

  13. A really great article discussing the pros and cons of the drone technology. It’s no doubt that everything in this world has its own pros and cons and it’s always depends on how we utilise the technology that has been provided for us either for the benefits of others or for the wrongdoings. Honestly, the pros of this drone technology might outweigh the cons if the consumers and responsible bodies really play their roles in utilising this drone technology in the correct way.

  14. Brilliant! It is an interesting topic that I do think it needs more attention and public awareness. Most of the people nowadays only knows the usage of drones simply to capture moments; as hobbies or videography works. Yet, it can also be used in compact fusion reactor maintenance and as weapons.

    Drones are not deniable as an impressive invention which can be beneficial to us, yet as you guys mentioned in the article, it can bring harms if it is not being handled by the right person. More initiatives on the matter should be think of and made available to overcome the cons and after that stage has been reached, only then it will brings out more positive outcomes on the usage of drones.

  15. “Drone: Your Associate or Enemy?”, a catchy article title indeed. There has been a lot of arguments about the good side and bad side about this technology lately. This technology has been evolved drastically over the last few years.

    In terms of the positive side of having this technology flying up high in the sky is that it can obviously reduce the number of manned workforce to perform various kind of job including package delivery, capturing cinematic footage, security surveillance and other things as well. Funny how all these technologies were unthinkable and unimaginable 10 years or so ago.

    However, there will be some down side of it; be it unwanted accident or unethical or immoral activities. I have seen some disturbing amateur drone videos where it hit the pedestrian on sidewalk that has caused injury. Unethical activities like entering private property, for an instance, private house, stadium or government buildings has been a real concern few years back before the implementation of “no-fly-zone” (the drone will fail to take off within certain radius of the prohibited area).

    As a conclusion, I do think the advancement of this technology brings more good and excitement than bad given proper implementation of law and regulations by the responsible authorities. To answer the question, I will say “Drone can be Our Associated Partner in the Future”.

  16. Issue of drones in warfare is not unusual anymore. This is also an interesting topic, seeing both the pros and cons of using drones are explained. Using drones for aerial monitoring is useful, but if it falls to the wrong purposes, the breach of privacy might occur. For example, uses of drones in the United States increase exponentially, where the common citizens use it for aerial observation that seems to be breaking privacy in certain closed places or grounds, more like trespassing. In military, drones are also used as a safe operation without casualties of a pilot, but some air attacks are also done by these drones, which if mistake happen, causing casualties to the citizen and innocent parties. It really does have its own benefits and drawbacks, and the types depend on the perspective we are seeing it.

  17. in my opinion, the disadvantage of the drone is more scarier. currently, camera drone already used and there already cases that someone misused the drone. As they used to trespass private property and record it. For military, UAV bring huge advantage for them. However, the UAV has probability to be hacked and lead to criminal cases. Thus, further development require to prevent those problems. Government need to play their role to set up the law and policies regarding with this technology.

  18. This is an eye opening article. I have always seen drones as a toy or a camera for people. Now that I have read this I see just how drones will affect us. Looking at this the cons for drones are very teriffying in the hands of a person with bad intentions. Personally I dont really like the idea of drones flying around, for one thing they invade our privacy as well being a noise polluter. This article sheds a light on even more of the dangers of drones.

  19. An interesting article discussing the advantages and disadvantages of the drone technology. With the right enforcement of the laws and regulations this technology could be a really good help to our lives.

  20. Drone is definitely one for the future. In my opinion, drones offer many benefits than its damages. It was a good article and worth the time to read it.

  21. an interesting article commenting of drone of various importance. however more research has to be done on drone battery life with the current technology used to compliment the devices. responsible authorities is demand to ensure no false use of power.

  22. Very well written article on the advantages of drones and how it can be used in real life situation. But there is downside on the usage of drones and the destruction it can bring to daily life.

  23. A very good article about the advantages and disadvantages of drone. Drone can be used in multiple functions. Regulations should be highlighted for drone to be used ethically.

  24. Drones may bring disasters to the world and could harm all the beings in the world. But all in all, it comes to the responsibility of the person having it and how one can use it.

  25. this article remind me of how an entertainment can lead to destruction. technology has emerged that even authorities do not have full power of it. however on the brighter side, effective ways of monitoring places is good when using drone. other factor that can be considered is noise level because the motor can be little annoying.

  26. I think all technology has it’s pros on cons. It can be an advantage the some people and a disadvantage to others it depends how people use it. All technology is developing through time and we never know what it holds for the future.

  27. I think all technology has it’s pros on cons. It can be an advantage the some people and a disadvantage to others it depends how people use it. All technology is developing through time and we never know what it holds for the future.

  28. Apparently, UAV technology does bring a lot of benefits due to its effectiveness in doing surveillance in addition to its mobility. I find this technology does not bring such big threat if the use of UAV are controlled to a manners where it cannot trespass human privacy including private zone such as military. If the UAV can be equip with identification chip inside the device, implementing such law to avoid abuse usage of UAV can be achieve. In conclusion, UAV technology are well recommended for its evolution for better future.

  29. the article enlighten me a lot. i thought drones are only use for recreational stuff like photography. it is awesome how they can be responsible on a bigger and important areas. this is brilliant as efficiency of monitoring a farm can be improved. me being a policeman know how hard to detect any illegal activities that is happening around us. with the help of drone this issue can help mitigate crimes for sure. and yes it is important to have policies on how to use these technology without any breaching of power and information, but still an interesting article. Kudos!

  30. i understand what the writers trying to convey which help us understand how technology can benefit or harm us. However, in the ethical perspective an action has to be taken on any results. this can be a good or bad and as how you want it to turn out. if it harm us, shut it down, if it not, then its good to go. the article shows good information of facts but lack of explaining what action can or has been taken to mitigate the negative impact. all in all great article telling us that drone is not for fun only.

  31. Very interesting article and the question you put forward was “would drones be the best medium for crime-fighting arsenals?”

    Personally, I think that this technology is still in their early stages, and to classify them as the best medium to fight crimes would be too optimistic. They still have a lot of room to grow and we should give them time to do so.

    We have to accept the fact that every good invention can be used to do bad things, but we don’t want this to stop us from inventing new technology. Thus, a well-thought-out regulation should be implemented by the government in such a way that will help the technology itself while at the same time ensuring the safety of civilians.

  32. It is illegal to use drones as lethal weapons. UN even has a rule against arbitrary killing including using UAV for military purposes. However, the consequences of disobeying the rules made by UN must be insignificant enough to the countries that utilised drones as weapons because they dont seem to care. Worse comes to worst, it might even lead to another world war. Even if all the countries decided to forbid the usage of drones as weapons, some countries would just develop new type of weapon to replace UAV. This just show the worst nature of human to stay in power. In the end, it doesnt even matter.

  33. I like this article on how they give a clear consequences of using drones. For me as a citizen, to expose with this type of technologies bring both advantages and disadvantages. But I believe, we want to move forward with modern sciences and to know new intelligence techs for our future generation. It is weight both pro and cons and here the government needs to decide which and which are good for the well-being of the people. So, the policies such as drone or even gun violent, they needed it because some agencies maybe taking profit out of it or using it for their personal use. This discussion on drones should cover a lot of ethical frameworks but the missing facts are suppose to support this ethics?

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