The EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) will come into force in the UK at 25th May 2019. It will change the methods of how companies and individuals collect, store and share data . Under these rules, companies who rely on individuals’ consent to collect their data will face tougher restrictions. Therefore, the implementation of GDPR will exact a huge impact on the British society where engineers are main actors. The main issue for engineers is to develop a system to enable individual completely control their privacy information.
Protect privacy completely
GDPR is implemented to enable individuals to have rights to control their personal information. In the absence of legal constraints and technical support, people might be harmed. Individuals should have full control over their personal data.
Losing control of someone’s personal information is losing control of someone’s life and dignity .
Privacy is essential to freedom of thought, speech and activities. To recognize a person as an individual person, it is necessary to let him live in his own way. When someone cannot control information of himself, he loses considerable autonomy.
Everyone needs private space to escape social rules, they should be able to behave without being dictated by surroundings . It will be fine for people to speak unpopular words and share ideas which their friends dislike. If someone knows that his behaviour and position are constantly being observed, commented on or even criticized, it is harder for him to do anything unaccepted by society. Most people are afraid to stand apart and be different. Therefore, privacy is necessary as protection from excessive scrutiny if persons are to be free to be themselves.
The importance of privacy can even help people restart their profession.
Some examples of interviews have shown that employers are prefer to hire someone without arrest records, even when the charges have been dropped or the person has been qualified to be innocent. Thus privacy is more important as a guard in the relationship between individuals and group, it nurtures the ability to grow and improve, even reinvent oneself .
Protecting privacy is protecting ourselves from danger and crime.
Due to the benefits of privacy, autonomy and pseudonymity , the public may achieve safeguards. With the increase of data frequency, the possibility of hackers acquiring and using data for economic benefits has never been greater . There are many ways someone be harmed by the revelation of sensitive personal information: Medical records, psychological tests, and financial records.
From now, it is important for individuals to have control over their personal information completely. According to the principal of Categorical imperative in Kantian Theory, the university principle is protecting personal privacy, which is the premise of using personal data to benefit individuals and society, and to promote the development of companies and countries. So under this circumstance, the reciprocity principle is using privacy data for common good. Therefore, no matter what the purpose of collecting personal information, it should be subject to the consent of the individual, and the individual has the right to know the flow and situation of the information and withdraw the information at any time. This is exactly what the GDPR specifies. Thus, as an engineer, he should develop a system to enable individual completely control their privacy information.
Therefore, it is of vital importance to protect personal privacy, which can bring people respect, social freedom and safety.
Selective Open Privacy
Data sharing is a driving force for the development of today’s information technology, and has become a trend .
Data disclosure enables intelligent robots to serve humanity much better.
Data sharing between the parties is completely permissible as long as the sharing is done in an appropriate, GDPR-compliant manner . At the same time, data sharing is very necessary. Taking artificial intelligence doctors as an example, AI only needs to learn a large number of imaging cases in order to achieve higher accuracy. Such data sharing and aggregate analysis will ultimately bring people a variety of benefits and improve the overall welfare of society. However, someone may consider these data as individual privacy, they may think that a string of bad data not only shows the poor physical condition, but also damage their reputation. As a result they may choose hide these data.
Data disclosure can enable companies to identify audiences faster, find out shortcomings of their products and then confirm the next goals to better develop their products and serve individuals.
In addition to the personal data that consumers are most concerned about, as well as industrial data and public data, with the advancement of the industrial Internet, more and more enterprises will go to the cloud, and many commercial secrets involving design and manufacturing will be carried to the cloud. Like personal data, industrial data involves the core competencies of companies and needs to be tightly protected. If manufacturers can share their own production data to equipment manufacturers, it will help equipment manufacturers improve their design and improve the applicability of equipment to the industry.
Data disclosure is conducive to government management and social security.
Governments around the world are striving to meet the expectations of citizens and the growing services and infrastructure, especially in response to the growing and ageing population . There is a driver that can establish more interaction patterns with government agencies, such as a single entry point for Critical data and authentication. There is also a need to create smarter, data-driven, personalized services and use data to support better policy and resource allocation.
There could not be a deep understanding of the value of the data as an individual, so it will not be benefit for the development of society if let individual controls his or her personal data completely. According to Utility Principle in Utilitarianism theory, engineers should choose those actions that result in the greatest happiness for the greatest number. As discussed above, disclosing personal privacy is good for individuals, companies and the country. Therefore, as an engineer, it is necessary to develop the corresponding technology to extract personal information and then bring happiness to more people.
Before obtaining users’ private data, users should be allowed to choose whether or not to share the data, or which part of the data could be shared. In this way, user friendliness can be realized and users’ rights can be protected. At the same time, developers can also acquire useful resources.
 Reality Check: Who controls your data? https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-43841515
Why We Care About Privacy, Michael McFarland, S.J.
 Privacy Fundamentals. http://www.privacilla.org/fundamentals/whyprivacy.html
 Daniel Solove. Ten Reasons Why Privacy Matters. https://teachprivacy.com/10-reasons-privacy-matters/
 Understanding Amy Boyer’s Law: Social Security Numbers, Crime Control, and Privacy, Privacilla.org (December 2000) in PDF format.
 Kate Beckham. The Importance of Protecting Personal Information. https://www.faronics.com/news/blog/the-importance-of-protection-personal-information
 Protecting data and opening data: https://www.europeandataportal.eu/en/highlights/protecting-data-and-opening-data
 Data Sharing: https://www.audiencedatasharing.org/legal-information
 Privacy in Data Sharing: A Guide for Business and Government. https://www.acs.org.au/content/dam/acs/acs-publications/Privacy%20in%20Data%20Sharing%20-%20final%20version.pdf