Lady in Driverless Car

Let’s Gear Up For The Driverless Future!

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When you watched a scene with self-driving car in action movies, have you ever feel impressed that you wish it exist in real life? Yes, driverless car has now become a reality. Tesla, Google, and Uber are among the pioneers that are willing to invest in this technology. Some believe that driverless cars bring more benefits to human and earth but some insist that this technology has several adverse effects. So are we ready with driverless cars on road yet?

No Driver, No Problem!

Capability of the driverless cars to create more free time for human is one of the reasons why this technology is being accepted in the society. Department of Transport reported that about 235 hours are spent by the driver in England on the road per year. This amount of time is equivalent to almost 6 weeks working hours. Just imagine how beneficial the driverless cars will be if they took over the action of driver instead! People trust driverless car as a form of utilitarianism where this technology might ease daily life of human.  Finding parking spaces is sometimes a hassle for human. But driverless car is able to solve this problem by having a special feature to park itself.

Imagine how troublesome it is to go back and forth everywhere on public transports especially for disabled people? Sometimes they might need constant reliance on others to get them moving. Since they are parts of the community who have the right to enjoy the benefits, the stakeholders’ views are considered in making the autonomous cars a reality. Applying the Freedom Principle ethic, this action can be executed for they can still choose to own the self-driving cars while they can continue riding on public transports which transform their lives into better ones without interrupting others. Well, it is a common-sense that this group of people requires more personal or private access to mobile cars so that they feel comfortable.

Nowadays, flipping through newspapers without accident cases on the headlines is a rare occasion. Most of them reported humans’ misbehaviour as the major contributor to those accidents whilst humans are totally responsible for their actions on the roads. Are they not aware of this? Well, maybe they are but seems like humans have inevitable limited capabilities that are concluded as misbehaves instead of errors. The advanced technology incorporated in autonomous cars exceeds humans’ abilities to determine certain speeds and distances and are not likely to be distracted hence building interest in stakeholders around the globe to support this action. Following the utilitarianism ethic, driverless cars should be implemented since they will significantly reduce the number of accidents as desired.

White Google Driverless CarLess fuel usage means greener! Research from Department of Energy (DoE) found that driverless cars could reduce energy consumption up to 90 percent. This is because they are able to maintain a steady speed and avoid sudden break action which lead to reduce in fuel usage. However, since driverless cars make travel easier hence people opt to travel extra miles than staying at home. This might lead to increase in fuel usage. Yet, the improvement in driverless car is expected to operate with electricity which will offset the excess fuel consumption.

With a well-developed driverless car technology, it can be a lifesaver!

Are you confident enough to ride on driverless car?

Even though there are significant benefits offered by driverless cars, will the fast-paced and perilous situation be avoided and continuously controlled by these cars?

Despite the fact that development of the self-driving cars could help in saving more lives, these cars might malfunction in adverse weather or rough terrains. In fact, the roof-mounted sensors could be interfered on rainy day as well as camera could be covered by snow. The inability of the system to detect the pedestrian effectively could also result in fatal accident. The most recent one involving driverless Uber that caused the death of a pedestrian in Arizona.

This highlights the limitation to the artificial intelligence system in which it is incapable to react in certain situations.   Although these matters will be resolved over time, the current technology is still in early stage. Hence, the owner of the vehicle will put themselves and other road users at risk for public testing. From a non-consequentialist point of view, the action of having the self-driving cars on the road is considered to be non-morally acceptable. It is inherently wrong to put other lives at risk even though it could bring greater benefit in future.

This also lead to discussion of the ethical dilemma faced by the fully automated car. Imagine a scenario where the driverless car on a two lane highway and suddenly there is a pedestrian crossing the road. Will it choose to risk the lives of the passengers by swerving to the side to save the pedestrian or vice versa? In the similar situation, humans make decision intuitively. Yet, to what extent the human judgement is reliable than an AI since the majority of accident is caused by human error?

The protection of privacy also become a critical issue in driverless car. From virtue ethics perspective, the privacy invasion is possible by the act of irresponsible parties since the use of driverless car will require a wide range of personal data including driver details, location and journey history. Nowadays, it is easy to hack cars on the road. What do you think about driverless car that would one day depend solely on computers? Yes, the computers in driverless car could be hacked.

The launch of automated car will cause a significant change in transportation sector. Driverless cars will eliminate the need for a driver and this results in loss of job for them. Google has started testing self-driving truck in Atlanta and there’s a possibility that no human supervision required when the system is fully established. This might benefit the company in reducing labour cost but will this benefit the driver?

So, would you allow a self-driving car to take you around? Or do you doubt this technology? Let us know in the comments below!

50 thoughts on “Let’s Gear Up For The Driverless Future!

  1. Interesting and informative piece of work??
    Never knew a driverless car could has so many positive impact

    However the public perspective could be further discussed by taking into account the possible risks.

    Good job ??

    1. Hi thank you so much for your comment. Autonomous car offers several advantages to ease our daily life. But yeah the public perspective is one of the main factors that has to be considered in deciding to bring the car to the public road. From the recent accident that is mentioned in this article, the issue with the interaction between the car is not detecting the imaging of pedestrian might be the cause of the accident. So that is why the safety of the road user is doubted if the car is allowed to the public road.

  2. Hello,

    Although a future with driverless cars looks promising, I would agree on the fact that it is still in its early stages. When accidents happen, such as the Arizona incident, questions may arise as to who is responsible for the fatality. Is the car company responsible? Is the person in the car responsible?

    A read on the aftermath of the accident (Link: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-43604440?intlink_from_url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/topics/c90ymkd8lglt/driverless-cars&link_location=live-reporting-story) reveals that the car was on autopilot at the time, but then again, who gets the blame for life lost?

    Another point to note is that even though it seems that ‘hours can be saved’ by not driving, these cars cannot be driven on autopilot for long hours, and still requires the driver to maintain some sort of focus and attention to the road. Hence, the question begs, is the ‘time saved’ really time saved? Does it really transform into a productive hour or two?

    Yes, with human drivers, accidents occur at a higher rate. These driverless cars do have their advantages as mentioned in the article, and more. However, currently, due to the infancy stage of the technology, I reckon it is best that driverless cars are used sparingly, until the technology improves. It is a step in the right direction, but unless it can be deemed as faultless, it will still need monitoring and tweaking.

    Kind regards,
    Muaz Mohd

  3. I for one believe, that driver-less cars should be a thing in the future. Given that even cars driven by a person may still be involved in accidents, and given that this technology may reduce it, it definitely is a good thing.

    As for who should be liable in case of accidents, I still believe that is of the drivers responsibility unless if it is out of their control such as if the car is hacked. And perhaps another approach to it is by enabling such a technology but limiting it as well. i.e. maybe on highways only.

    The article does do a good job in provoking your thoughts as to whether this technology becomes acceptable or not. Although, some of the concepts or ethics mentioned could be explained slightly better. Unless if it was assumed that readers of this article already has a grasp of such terms.

    1. Thank you for the feedback.

      I agree with you that in the sense that the technology should be implemented in future despite of the accidents happen during testing stage. The accidents might happen due to immaturity of the technology and this could be overcome in long run.

      Regarding the liability in case of accidents, I feel that the driver cannot be blamed wholly as the driver has put their complete trust on the technology assuming it will follow the traffic norm better than human does. The driver might need some lesson/ training regarding the use of the technology so they can familiarise with the system action in any situation.

      Thank you for the compliment. I agree that we may focused too much on the pros and cons of the technology instead of explaining the ethical bits.

  4. Interesting piece of work!
    As we all know that currently we are in the period of the 4th industrial revolution, I believe that we are ready and driver-less car should be a thing in the future. This is due to the fact that this revolution will need a lot of energy and as a result will give negative impact to the environment. Based on the fact you gave in this article which is “driver-less cars could reduce energy consumption up to 90 percent”, I believe that the R&D in realising driver-less car is vital.

    However, in my opinion, the car should not be 100% automated. For example in the airline industry, we all know that aeroplane can work without pilot. Yes, aeroplane can take off and landing without the need of a pilot. But why we still need a pilot in aeroplane? This is for emergency purposes like you mentioned in this article such as malfunction might occurs due to adverse weather, AI not able to react in certain situation and hacking. If emergency occurs, the pilot can switch from autopilot mode to manual and steer the aircraft himself. Besides, who wants to board an aeroplane flying 35,000 feet high without a pilot? I strongly believe that this should be applied in the “driver-less car” industry as well. This will overcome all the problems you’ve mentioned in this article including the loss of job opportunities because a semi-automated car still needs a human driver. Let they decide whether to drive the car himself or let the AI take control. The benefits of this action is the driver can set to auto-pilot mode if there are sleepy or need to take a phone call and if they fell like driving, the can set to manual and drive the car himself. Because hey, who does’t love driving? What’s the point of buying a Ferrari and let the AI drive the car.

    Overall, I love this article. Interesting and easy to understand. Good job guys!

    1. Thank you for the feedback.

      I’m completely agree that the technology is suitable with the 4th Industrial revolution and shows that R&D has improved over the time.

      I also agree that the technology should not be operated as fully autonomous since it could solve all the problem. But i want to add that the fully autonomous technology can be applicable in an integrated public transport system as it face less unexpected circumstance compared to the individual car.

  5. Implementation of a fully autonomous car is promising with lot of its benefits stated in the article. As the car will be powered using electrical energy, the manufacturing and buying of the car will also benefit from subsidised cost which are implemented in some countries such as US. This indirectly encourage the development of these autonomous car to rise in the future. However, there are still a long road for the technology to fully mature. As we know, even on the road, there are ethics that we as human follows to avoid accidents. Its not impossible for sure but will be interesting on how these ethics can be implemented into the AI of the car itself. It will concluded on how the car could react on ‘special condition cases’ which is the key specification for it to win our trust.
    The ideology is very promising and I’m sure that autonomous car would be a thing in future!

    My humble opinion,
    FN

    1. Hi thank you for your opinion. Yeah autonomous car should be a great thing if it is really works as how it should be. I agree with you that the technology of the car is not fully developed yet. There should be a continuous research and improvement on the autonomous car. There still be a question regarding to the ability of the car to follow the ethic on the road. Based on discussion from the article, the car might face a dilemma in making a right decision if there is a certain case arise i.e. the pedestrian suddenly crossing the road. But if the car is absolutely able to follow all the rules and regulations on the road in the future, hence it should be allowed to the public road.

      1. But I don’t think following the traffic rules is enough to prevent accidents.
        A human driver needs to control the car, because robots can never think for themselves. If they were to be able to think for themselves in the future, they cannot make the decisions fast enough.

    2. Thank you for the comment.

      I agree with you that the how the autonomous car technology react in unforeseen situation is the key in gaining the public trust for using this technology as mode of transportation. It is impossible to guarantee there will be no accident when using this technology but with the numerous testing and increase in efficiency of the system, the technology could reduce the accidents.

  6. I like the way you’ve written the article in such a way as to invite comments – nice move.

    I don’t recall seeing much in the way of ethics. Of the four theories which ones support driverless cars? Which ones oppose it?

    What about weekends, when some of us drive for pleasure?

    If we go to a driverless car future, why not driverless buses and a more integrated public transport service, similar to the public transport network the UK had in the 70’s?

    1. Hi Dr Patrick! And thank you for your feedback.

      One of the theories that support the driverless car is Utilitarianism whereby the action something that brings happiness to all. In that sense, the use of driverless car will benefit all as everyone can utilise their time to do something else while driving on the road. The technology also will help in reducing the accidents assuming the vehicle will abide to traffic regulation better than the human does and this makes everyone feel safer. The freedom principle also can be applied as the driver with physical disability can have their own freedom in making decision without being restricted by others.

      The theory that oppose the driverless car can be related to the virtue ethics whereby the driverless car is a product that are still in development stage and the action of testing the car on the public road and putting other lives at risk is clearly a not acceptable moral character by the manufacturer. And there has been an accident in Arizona involving a pedestrian stated in this article. The loss of driver job also contradict the utilitarianism theory since the driverless car can eliminate the need of professional driver and the happiness of the driver also need to be considered.

      A fully driverless car may not be applicable for people who wants to drive for pleasure during weekend but if there’s a feature that allows the driver to take control of the car without relying on the system, this could solved the problem.

      The adaptation of driverless technology in the public transport service is a good idea too but this will only happen if the government is willing to spend a lot of money since the technology cost a fortune. But, who knows that it might become reality if the cost of the driverless technology is more affordable in future.

      Best regards,
      aa

  7. As with most commenters here, I also think driverless cars is a very promising thing, especially considering the rate at which AI is growing right now. Autonomous systems has already helped humans make decisions for almost virtually anything in the world, so I don’t see why driverless cars should be the exception. But! It still has a ways to go. The technology is simply not advanced nor matured enough at this point in time that people are truly confident in putting their lives on a couple lines of code.

    Therefore, from an ethical point of view, I feel like we should put more importance on the safety of the users and pedestrians first. This means, no driverless cars – at least not in this time. Let the companies, government, universities develop this tech, until there is complete proof of the AI being able to drive safely on the road, in harmony with human drivers, AI drivers and pedestrians and being able to adapt unforeseen accidents, among other things. Overall, interesting article!

    1. Thank you for the comment.

      I have a bit disagreement with your statement of not having the driverless car on the road this time. This is because if the driverless car are not tested on the public road, the knowledge on its competency to become mode of transportation will be limited. It also will slow down the commercialisation of this technology due to lack of data. To overcome this issue, the driverless car need to be tested in various kind of situation that happen in reality so it could overcome all the problem caused by the technology.

      1. Yes I agree with you point. But this might cause accidents and death to the road user. I think when testing the driver-less car on road, A driver should be in the car so that in case of emergency, the driver can take control of the car to prevent unwanted events.

      2. That is true, that thought was in the back of my mind when I was making that comment. An AI needs to be put into the ‘field’ so that they can learn and develop their appropriate responses. But it is still putting the lives of others in the road in danger so it could be a challenge, in practice. But as ace13 suggested, having a driver to take control in emergency situations is a good idea. Let’s just hope the drive is fully awake and aware at that moment, because I know I sleep too easily in the car! 🙂 Or perhaps use a modelling software to simulate traffic for the AI? Like ANSYS Fluent but for AI and traffic?

  8. In my opinion, we are way to far to achieve this kind of AI driver since our technology right now still not that pretty advanced to be honest. But, if this technology can be achieved within short amount of time surely it can help a lot of people.

    By the way, interesting piece of work and worth to read.

  9. Hi, thank you so much for your feedback. Yeah the technology of the autonomous car might take years to be fully developed in a full autonomous mode but it is possible to achieve that in future. ‘Rome was not built in one day’. Same goes to the driverless car. It requires a constant improvement to reach to the point where we trust with the capability of this brilliant technology and bring it to the public road. If the technology is works as it is intended to, it will definitely be a great help to us.

  10. Interesting story !

    The intention of having a driverless technology sounds convincing with the promising benefits and advantages mentioned in the article. The ability to allow and assist disable people to experience driving car to the same extent of the normal people is an effort that should be praised. Furthermore, the less fuel usage is another persuasive reason to support this technology because this will help the world to minimise fuel usage hence decreasing emissions to the atmosphere which is one of a critical problem encounter by our beloved Earth. However, if the idea of the article is about to go fully automated car, I personally against it based on my genuine reasons. The automated car will be responded and operated as the way it had been programmed. Therefore, I believe that eventhough this advanced technology can determine and capable of avoiding certain accidents situations, however all this situation are the one that ever happened in the past or predicted situation by the engineer. Hence, if there is a new situation on the road which is not programmed occurred, this will lead to accident and inconvenient circumstances. Moreover, despite the fact that human made a lot of errors in the history, I still believe that human is more reliable and make a better judgement in real situation case . To conclude, I partially agree with the idea of improving car technology as some of them are helpful and make things easier in life but I am totally disagree if to let the technology to take the driving role to the full extent.

    1. Hi, thank you so much for your feedback. Yeah I strongly agree with you regarding to the issue arise that how the autonomous car will react if it face a situation that is not being programmed to it. But we don’t know how the technology is being developed in future. Maybe the software of the autonomous is able to being keep updated from time to time to ensure it is corresponding to the latest situation that is might face. But at this time, yeah the car should not be allowed in the fully autonomous mode yet. It might take time to gain the trust from public to allow the car on the public road. So by that time, the technology might be has a lot of improvement that allow it to work in fully autonomous mode.

  11. Interesting article!
    It looks promising to have a driverless car in the future as it gives a lot of advantages. However, I agree with most of the comments that the technology nowadays is still not matured enough and a lot of improvements need to be done before commercialise this driverless car in the market.
    Anyway, the article is worth to read!

    1. Hello, thank you so much for your opinion. Autonomous car definitely should be a great thing in the future if its technology is fully developed. At this stage, we might question its reliability. That is because it is still in the trial process. There is still a lot of improvements that have to be done to ensure that it will be allowed on the public road. Nevertheless, it still offer great advantages to ease our daily life.

  12. Hi !

    After reading this article, I found out that the driverless car revolution is very promising and interesting thing. Besides, the driverless car also seems to make human’s life easier.

    However, few aspects should be considered and reviewed as safety on road is the most important issue.

    Overall, good job!✨

    1. Hello, thank you for your feedback. There are several aspects that have to be considered to commercial this car including the interaction of the car with other road user on the road. It is equipped with camera and sensor to allow it to operate autonomously, but from the accident that is mentioned in this article, the cause of the accident is believed to occur due to the issue with the car that is not detecting the imaging of the pedestrian. So, that is why the question regarding to the reliability of the car arises. Perhaps, the technology of the car regarding to the imaging system still has to be developed.

  13. Fascinating read!

    The Fourth Industrial revolution certainly is emerging. With automation, there is definitely a boost on efficiency and opportunity for more leisure time for the humans. However, for the case of driverless cars, I think it would be good to have a degree of control over the automobile. For instance, perhaps fitting an emergency button to stop automation and enable manual maneuvering of the car will be comforting. The security of knowing that ultimately the passenger has control over the car will likely encourage more people to accept driveless cars. Technology is never foolproof. Having this ‘stop automation’ button can mitigate disasters should the automation algorithm malfunctions.

    Furthermore, I think with automation and technology to boost how efficient humans can do things, economic prosperity should follow. It is corporate responsibility to ensure that wealth is fairly spread.

    In a nutshell, I think any form of innovation should be proceeded and accepted with enthusiasm. The people who got the short straw, they should be looked after by those who got the much longer straws.

    Innovation and responsibility must go hand in hand.

    1. Thank you for the feedback.

      I’m completely agree with your suggestion on encountering the problem regarding the technology. Allowing the driver to take control in emergency situation whereby the AI could not handle may be the better option as the human instinct are often being more reliable than the AI instinct. However, this might not be good for people with lack of driving experience as they might do not know how to take control of the situation. Thus, i believe that the driver who’s going to use this technology requires some training to familiarise with the system.

      With the wide use of this technology, it is believed to improve the economic and also reduce the air pollution. This is because the technology relies on electricity and no more carbon monoxide smokes comes out from the exhaust. Hence, the air pollution can be greatly reduced.

  14. Such an interesting article! I never knew before that driverless car could be this amazing. I hope one day, we can use it on the road, but of course with high safety system and precautions is installed 🙂

    1. Thank you for the comment.

      I’m glad that the article has shed some light regarding the autonomous technology and clear some confusion that you had before. The installation of highly safe system will surely be done for the technology to be implemented in future.

  15. Hi !

    Driverless vehicle is indeed amazing and interesting technology to have in the future. However, as mentioned in the article, the technology itself is still not matured and it required a lot of effort still to be on the road.

    In my opinion, one the main challenge for this technology is public acceptability due to the risk of data breach and its prone to hacking. Driverless cars require an immense amount of data gathering and analysis due to their connection to cloud-based traffic and navigation services, among other outlets for connectivity. Therefore, more advance security system is needed so that people’s data are more protected which would help boost public acceptability on this technology.

    Overall, great article!

    1. Hi aiam and thank you for the feedback!

      I agree that one of the main issue with the technology is the protection of privacy. But it is a norm that the technology comes with a price and same situation happen with Facebook recently. For the public to tolerate this issue, they need to be informed by the manufacturer in regard to what extent that is being shared and what is not. The manufacturer need to be more transparent and the government also should interfere if there is any wrongdoing being done. The manufacturer also need to have the consent of the user of this technology for any information.

  16. I do drive for living. I drive ubers making some money out of it. With that being said, these act in creating world of driverless cars are somehow interesting and beneficial but obviously risky.

    In some under-developing and developing country, the word ‘unprepared’ will be a good term for it. As the second and third mentality of the civilians and pedestrians not abiding the laws on roads thus will create a devastating event. AI will surely work their things but humans had their own error and especially the elders who had their own ways doing thing. Eg: crossing the road whenever they wanted, not giving signal while turning on junction, and surely selfishly didnt care for other users on roads.

    Rather than developed countries, the system is there which just a matter of time to implement it with of course first class mentalities. Developed countries will have a lot easier way to create a driverless system regarding suitable and complete advanced technologies provided.

    And if we were to implement this system, changing all cars i mean ALL CARS to driverless in the country, a special well-planned environment for these cars, as well as educating mindsets of the civilians about the future aspects, and for that time the world is then ready.

    1. Hi, thank you for your comment. I am agree with you regarding to the mentality of the public towards the rules and regulations on the road. There might be no issue with the technology but then the misbehaviour of the public on the road might cause the problem to the autonomous car. I like the idea on educating the public about this technology. Public should aware with this technology to avoid any undesirable accidents in future.

    2. I have to disagree with your points about changing all car to autonomous. I personally love to drive. If all cars are autonomous, the world will become so boring 🙁
      Besides, humans will become less skilled. They will depend too much on technology.

  17. I think has a driverless car is good for faster in time and less hassle when dealing with human beings. But, there was a case of driverless parking recently that the driverless car suddenly hit the other cars lead to the death of the driver. This is very scary thought that even the safest car in the world could not provide a confirmation of the of the safety of the driver. I know the perspective of safety is complex when dealing with the technology in 21st centuries. There are a lot of techs people who like to try and give it a go without knowing the consequences of the driverless car. Maybe they are brave enough to try but are they going to blame the car manufacturer even if they have been warned about the safety of the driverless by the medias. So who’s to blame here?

  18. Indeed the driverless technology is promising. But they needs more of researches, trial and experimented to collect sufficient data before determine its feasibility. They need to be aware of ethical issue that may arise from every points. Some might find its scary, some might not. But the acceptance by the community can be shift when they able to prove it. Looking forward to the technology in the future.?

    1. Hi, thank you for your opinion. The feasibility of the car is absolutely important to prevent undesirable accidents in future. The consequence of the car to the public is considered i.e. bring pleasure to the disabled people. But the car might also give negative effect to the public i.e. the car might not be to work properly in adverse weather. Yeah the car will be a great thing in future if it really works as it should be.

  19. Hey there!

    This is an interesting article to read. Eventhough the driverless cars look like something cool nowadays, there are still many aspects that we should considered before this technology could be widely apply in this modern world; safety, traffic, etc. For me, I would say that a deeper research should be conducted first and if it is proven for its reliability and safety, then this would be a great technology to ease our life.

    1. Hi there! Thank you for the comment.

      I agree that the technology is still not have been proven completely safe in term of driving in public road. This could be mitigated in long run whereby the technology should undergoes more training in depth and developed to the extent where it is deemed faultless before being launched commercially.

  20. Hi Sarah McConnor,

    First and foremost, thank you for your feedback! 🙂
    I kind of having a slight disagreement regarding your statement that even the safest car in the world couldn’t ensure the safety of the drivers. The driver-less car is for sure not the safest car in the world but it could be one in the future taking into account every bit of the safety components mentioned in most of the comments above and to give more confidence to the society, it will need to undergo some sort of tests and proven to work and blend well with the existing rules on the roads some day.

    Responding to ‘who should be blamed’, both parties – the manufacturers and the drivers hold the responsibilities to know the area they set their feet in. As for the manufacturers, they are the ones who must ensure that the production of the driver-less cars meets the best safety standards and should be able to defend themselves for whatever problems arising and ready to provide the solutions. The drivers, not putting aside other road users, have to make sure that they are well educated on how to handle the cars and how the cars really work, just like how they learn to use the non-automated cars for all this while. hence the blame should be based on the nature of the problems arisen.

  21. Nice piece of work. The article is really fun to read and did a good job in giving its views on the technology by showing both the pros and cons. I personally believe that we are not ready for a fully autonomous car. Research and more testing is needed and until it is 100% safe, this tech should’t be introduce to the public. Especially in this digital world where hacking is a normal thing. If people can hack the aeroplane, hacking a car would be a piece of cake.

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