Sex Robots on a Production Line

Nice Bolts, Wanna Screw?

Group 24

The evolution of technology has seen robots find their way into our homes, shops and workplaces, but are our bedrooms the next step or a step too far?

An ethical minefield if ever there was one, the arrival of sex robots is causing quite a stir, with so called “sex tech” now representing a global market of nearly £24 billion. With four manufacturers currently developing these robots, is the rise of the sex-bot outpacing the social, moral and ethical issues concerned, or do sex robots have a useful place in our society?

My intelligence is artificial, but the attraction is real, baby

The use of sex workers and prostitution is a large moral issue in itself, with many studies showing that the demand for commercial sex fuels the human trafficking industry. At least 4.5 million adults and children are in forced sexual exploitation worldwide, so can the use of sex robots provide an end to this ethically troubling violation of human rights?

Advocates of the technology would argue that wide spread ownership of sex robots would lead to fewer people using prostitution, leading to a reduction in human trafficking for the sex industry. Just as we use robots for industrial tasks that are too dangerous for human workers, sex robots could replace brothel workers to continue to satisfy customers while protecting victims.

The reduction of human trafficking is supported by countless ethical theories; however, using sex-bots to elicit this complicates the matter. Applying Kant’s categorical imperative, which states that human rights must be upheld no matter what the cost may be, we can say that the ethical decision is to reduce a practice that violates the victims’ free will, even if this is achieved through the use of controversial technology.

Utilitarianism, which states that an action is right if it brings the greatest possible balance of good over bad for everyone involved, also agrees with this argument. By replacing human beings with inanimate objects, more people are protected from exploitation and regain their equality. A greater number of  victims will benefit from safety away from sex work, then those taking issue with the introduction of sex robots in our society.

Another unethical practice which could be reduced by the use of sex robots is Paraphilia. This is the term used to describe a condition characterised by abnormal sexual desires. In many cases, these can be dangerous, threatening and extremely illegal to perform. These emotional disorders cannot currently be cured, rather repressed via a combination of psychotherapy and medication.

It has been suggested that sex robots could provide an alternative for people with socially unacceptable or harmful sexual preferences; a diversion aimed to curb violations such as rape of women or abuse of children. Shin Takagi, the owner of a Japanese company currently producing and selling child-sized sex dolls internationally, claims to be providing a service for paedophiles to channel their perversions. Takagi admits to experiencing paedophilic urges and states he has never acted on his impulses because he makes use of a doll. This demonstrates how the doll can be used as a substitute to suppress these desires without maltreatment.

Consequentialism could argue that this solution provides an outcome with the most positive results. Redirecting paraphilic impulses towards machines and away from harming people, maximises human welfare and pleasure.

Close-up of Sex RobotAs the available technology for sex robots is becoming more increasingly advanced, with AI and realistic body responses, the greater the capability a doll has to mimic sexual desires. As paraphilia is such a chronic disorder, with threatening and unlawful consequences, could sex dolls be an effective and moral method to subdue abnormal sexual preferences?

Error 404! Ethics Not Found

Whilst sex-bots could be used to treat paraphilia, it could also be seen that these bots may reinforce these tendencies, normalising the behaviour and potentially leading to crimes being committed.

Although this may only occur in a small number of cases, even a single occurrence cannot be condoned due to the impact on wider society. This is supported by the Harm Principle (7), where actions of individuals should only be stopped where harm to others can be foreseen, in this case to children. This has been taken one step further within Canadian courts where the possession of a doll with the appearance of a minor has been cause for arrest and an individual trialled for the possession of indecent content.

The application of the virtue ethics framework would lead us to conclude that the treatment of paedophilia in this manner would morally develop and reinforce these tendencies through sexual relations. It should be argued that this moral development should be discouraged as to suppress desires and reduce the number of incidents involving sexual exploitation of minors. Whilst the majority of the dolls produced will be simulating individuals of appropriate age, it would be almost impossible to prevent the technology being scaled to the younger age bands, where most concern is placed.

With the evolution of technology and artificial intelligence, users are free to design sex robots to their specific wants and needs. With no limits placed on the design, the use of twisted fantasies and unrealistic human characteristics are almost inevitable, with incorporation of immoral behaviours such as timidness and submission also a possibility.

This exacerbates biased gender norms and stereotypes, which may lead to unacceptable sexual behaviours against people. With the majority of sex-robots designed in the form of the female gender for male users, inequality towards women is reinforced. Care ethics emphasises the moral value of good relationships, and that we should consider these in our decisions. It is clear that the development of sex-bots is unethical in this framework, as it leads to harmful attitudes concerning the equality of women in relationships and society.

It is evident that the use of sex robots could be extremely harmful to individuals and society as a whole. As engineers, we believe that further development of this technology is immoral, and a different approach should be used to reduce human trafficking for the sex industry and treat paraphilia.

60 thoughts on “Nice Bolts, Wanna Screw?

  1. This is really interesting – I had always felt uncomfortable about the production of sex robots but hadn’t thought about the other side of the argument. Definitely agree though – a backwards step for feminism!

    1. Thank you for your comment, I have to agree, this technology could have a massive impact on the way women are viewed in society if it becomes widespread. WHat are your thoughts on the use of male sex robots though? Does the technology become acceptable if they depict both genders?

  2. A really thought provoking article. The ethical argument behind it is huge and I definitely agree that there are some benefits as highlighted in the article such as redirecting paraphilic impulses away from humans towards robots. However, this would to a certain encourage such activities to be carried out and which could make it seem a norm.

    1. Thank you for your comment. It would definitely be interesting to see some statistics surrounding the use of sex robots in treating these types of conditions, as currently their benefit is only theorised.

  3. All the headings are amazing.

    I don’t see why the largest ethical issue of harmful fetishes that you address can’t be sorted out through regulation; just as there are very strict laws against child pornography there could be laws enforced to stop child sex robots – this is hardly a reason to ban the production of all robots.

    With every technological advancement in human sexuality, from pornography to sex toys, many moralists have been horrified at their adoption. However, there may simply be people who want to have sex with a sex robot as part of the many ways that humans get sexual gratification without a partner. Why stop them?

    I find the whole thing a bit gross but human desire is such that when the technology allows it, people will start to use them.

    1. Thank you for your comment. You make a good point, however should we ever develop a technology if there is a risk of it being taken too far and people breaking the law?

  4. The possibility and benefits of using sex robots to reduce human trafficking and prostitution is something I have never thought about and this article highlights it very well. However, I believe that the potential threat of normalising this behaviour greatly outweighs the benefits that it could bring. In my opinion, using sex robots to reduce human trafficking and prostitution would only be a short term solution.

    1. Thank you for your comment. This is a good point. Laws tend to be very hard to change and take a long time to do so. Maybe sex robots could be used as an in-between to reduce human trafficking while governments make the changes to reduce prostitution.

  5. A good article with interesting applications for sex-bots. The sentence: “Just as we use robots for industrial tasks that are too dangerous for human workers, sex robots could replace brothel workers to continue to satisfy customers while protecting victims.” is a strong reason for continuing research and development in this area. There is good ethical support from utilitarianism and duty ethics – as discussed by the authors.

    However, the argument against sex-bots needs some ethical support too. Perhaps the argument against can be based on virtue ethics. What virtues do the developers of sex-bots have? The virtue of Shin Takagi to make a means to prevent harm to others could be seen as acceptable.
    However, we don’t yet know if sex-bots are a good therapeutic resource. They may encourage harmful behaviour. In a number of cases of abuse, the abuser requires a response from the victim that they may not get from a sex-bot. If a sex-bot encourages actual abuse then there are a number of strong ethical arguments against it.

    As with the other articles on this topic, my main thought is linked to the sentience of the bot itself. If a bot is imbued with a degree of intelligence such that it is capable of reasoning (e.g. how to respond to a touch or a suggestive remark) then we may need to start addressing the rights of the robot itself.

    To expand that argument, a robot working on a car assembly line will not be programmed to react to human speech, gesture or touch. Neither is it designed to look human or to be interacted with sexually. Sex-bots on the other hand are being designed to look physically attractive (or to match an ideal that may not be realistic) and have complex emotional responses; the linked article describes a robot with a moral code: https://sputniknews.com/viral/201804131063526390-sex-robots-marital-assistance/

    The more these types of robots are developed, the more likely they are to become autonomous, that is they may respond to urges to replenish their energy levels. Just as we get hungry then eat, they may recognise their batteries need recharging. Similarly, those that are programmed to provide intellectual satisfaction may begin (or be programmed to) exercise discretion on what topics they learn and begin to favour some forms of expression over others. We’re already using lots of energy hungry devices, more robots simply means more demand for energy.

    1. Thank you for your comment. This is a very interesting point, the robots themselves are a stakeholder in the ethical debate which we did not consider. It is likely that AI will be introduced into the technology, and this complicates matters further. With the robots themselves having ‘rights’, does this mean that their wellbeing is equal to a humans?

  6. A very interesting and informative read.
    As there is no clear quantitative data available on their effectiveness it is difficult to evaluate whether more people are satisfied with the dolls vs those that are further encouraged to commit crimes because of them.
    Whilst they may work for some people’s paraphilia It is hard to believe they will work for all, and it may be more ethical to put money in to a more effective solution to solve the issues of paraphilia, human trafficking and prostituion.

    1. Thank you for your comment. You make a good point, the development of these robots could be very expensive, and without any solid backup from research, it may not be ethical to divert money in this direction. If the data suggested that it was an effective solution, would this change your viewpoint?

  7. An interesting read!
    I do agree with a previous comment about sex robots being a short-term solution. After several ‘uses’ the novelty may wear off and a customer may no longer be satisfied by the technology. This could possibly lead to reinforcing one’s sexual desires, causing an urge to move from robot to an actual human being.
    In addition, this kind of technology can be viewed as almost blurring the line between humanity and robots. An individual’s behaviour towards a robot may begin to influence how they treat people in relationships. This would be morally wrong, degrading, and could lead to harmful attitudes concerning equality as discussed in the article.
    The potential reductions in prostitution, human trafficking, and sexual violence highlights the positive impact sex robots could have on society. However, it is highly unlikely that such technology would completely eliminate these issues. Overall, I think that the negative impacts outweigh the positives for sex robots!

    1. Thank you for your comment. An interesting point, however do you not think that if constrained to use for treating sexually aggressive behaviour, it could have a benefit to society?

  8. It’s refreshing to read such a robust and equitable article!

    This is incredibly thought-provoking, and my concern lays with the fact that the use of sex robots acts as a gateway for unethical practices such as paraphilia and pedophilia. As Takag admits he has never acted on his impulses because he makes use of the robots, but this is actually a step closer to a paedophilic act, and may subconsciously be serving to normalise the act for him.

    With robots being capable of being designed to any specification, does the development of the sex robot industry simply reinforce the misconceptions over the heightened, unrealistic expectations of women, already present in a mirage of existing industries such as the porn, model and even the clothing industry?

    Regardless, as with the majority of innovations, I think the diffusion is unpreventable, and efforts should be centered on creating the correct legislation to govern the industry, especially regarding the servitisation of the concept.

    1. Thank you for your comment. You make a good point, but if a paedophilic act is transferred away from a human and onto a robot, is this not enough of an argument to develop the technology?

  9. The benefits of sex robots to the human trafficking industry has been highlighted very well here and brings in strong ethical points that I hadn’t considered before. However, I think the most concerning issue on this topic is how far it can be twisted by those taking advantage of the technology, such as the case with child-like sex dolls. It is horrifying to think that people are acting on their paedophilic urges regardless of whether it is towards humans or robots.

    1. Thank you for your comment. The unconstrained use of this technology could be a big issue, but do you believe it’s ethically wrong to perform any type of behaviour on an inanimate object, after all, in theory it’s not harming anyone?

  10. Very thought provoking article. I hadn’t thought that there could be ANY positives for the use of sex bots, but this highlights that there may be something to gain if it can protect women from being forced into the sex industry. I personally think this should only be implemented under strict control from authorities, as well as the development of this technology.
    It will be interesting to see how viewpoints may change once there is wide development of male sex robots for male (or female) users. I can imagine that some advocates of the technology in its current state will very quickly change their attitude in line with their homophobic beliefs.

    1. Thank you for your comment. You make a good point about how the technology may be managed by authorities. This could almost act as the engineers transferring the morality of the act to this stakeholder, as they will allow (or not) the technology to reach certain areas of the market.
      As mentioned to another commenter, will opinions be changed or not if male sex robots become popular?

  11. A thought provoking read!
    I agree with the arguments for the use of sex-bots. I believe there was a correlation found between the consumption of porn and number of sex crimes committed, which theorised that consuming porn reduced paraphilic tendencies. As mentioned in this article, this effect may extend to sex robots. In which case, it is positive when analysed using the ethic cycle.

    1. Thank you for your comment. That’s a very interesting point, and definitely a strong argument for the ethical justification of engineers developing the technology.

  12. Very emotive article that raises a lot of questions. On the whole I don’t think this technology should be widely available to the general public because I think it will allow the imagination to run wild and do more harm than good. However, if it can be proven to help with diseases such as paraphilia and pedophilia then this should maybe be explored but with great caution. This doesn’t cure these diseases and only embraces them but if it can be used to prevent harm happening to real human beings then I would be for that. Also, if these were adopted by the wider public they may almost become like a video game and there have been numerous instances when people have taken violent video games into reality and caused great harm. This may be the same with sex dolls with people looking for a more realistic experience.

    1. Thank you for your comment. I would have to agree, the technology would have to be closely moderated if it were to be used in treating these conditions. As for you comment about people imitating what they see in video games, do you not think that a ‘best for the most’ argument is enough to justify this anyway. If those instances are insignificant compared to the number of positive uses, should we consider them in our judgement of the issue?

  13. A very thought provoking article.

    Initially before reading the article, I thought I would have been completely against this “sex tech”. However, the article really does raise some interesting questions. With so many adults and children being sexually exploited, if these objects can help protect individuals then surely this is a good thing? I am still very much on the fence about this, as I am also worried about these robots simply normalising the behaviour which could threaten to outweigh any benefits. Could the robots be seen to be encouraging abuse?

    An extremely interesting read!

    1. Thanks for your comment. Many of our commenters have taken issue with the normalisation of negative behaviours through the use of this technology, however, do you think is it ethically justified if this is constrained so that they can only be used for treatments and to protect humans?

  14. Originally, my view on sex-bots was negative, viewing the technology as an unnatural form of sexual gratification. However, reading the article highlighted some positive aspects of the technology that I did not consider prior to reading the article. I think my negative views were backed up by my slight disgust towards the technology which clouded my judgement. My overall view on sex bots has changed after reading the article and I don’t think this technology should be stopped. I do believe however, that the technology should be governed by strict laws and legislation, to make the new tech as safe as possible.

    1. Thanks for your comment. It is interesting that you say that you were able to look past your initial stance on the technology and see positive aspects after reading the article. I would have to agree about governing the use of the technology, but do you think that it is still acceptable if it were to ‘leak’ into the public domain?

      1. Yes I think it would be acceptable as you are never going to be able to fully stop the ‘leak’. I think the benefit to the economy would far outweighs the small percentage of illegal activity involved with the use of sex-bots.

  15. Eye opening discussion, this is something I hadn’t really considered in the past. I think no matter how sophisticated a robot is, it can’t replace human interaction, though then again I’ve never tried… I feel like if people do sick and twisted things to robots it might have the opposite affect and make them want to do the same to humans? Also, I think the sad truth is, human trafficking may still be cheaper than buying a robot but it’s worth a try to stop some awful things happening

  16. Extremely interesting piece, very well written. The article touches on a controversial, yet important topic! However, my viewpoints seem to differ with yours in the following ways:

    1. I do not think that a Kantian would support this innovation, as you suggest. This is for two reasons: (1) if they are conscious and rational (i.e. able to make decisions), the second categorical imperative formulated by Kant—that rational agents must be treated as ends in themselves and not as means to an end—will apply; and (2) if they aren’t conscious, Kant argued that we owe an indirect duty to animals, not because they are conscious or rational, but because he thought an inhumane treatment of animals could/would lead to an inhumane treatment of humans. In either scenario, it is difficult to see how he would support this.
    2. Also, I think a consequentialist would be against this innovation on the sole ground that, the consequences—the normalisation of sexual slavery and paedophilic impulses—outweigh any potential benefits that the innovation could have. After all, the consequentialist could ask, “who would want to live in a society where sexual slavery and paedophilic impulses are normalised?” With the likely outcome being a moral degradation of society, it is difficult to see how a consequentialist will support this.
    3. However, I do think that we can treat pedophiles by providing a safe, harmless outlet for their impulses, urges and desires. And we do have a precedent for this: the way in which we are able to weaken/treat the impulses, urges and desires of drug and alcohol addicts by providing them with weaker substances—a safer, less harmful outlet.

    1. Thank you for your comment. This is a very interesting point of view, the robots themselves are a stakeholder in the ethical debate which we did not consider. It is indeed likely that AI will be introduced into the technology, and this complicates matters. As you say, a Kantian would not support this if the robots were capable of a degree of reasoning. This becomes a wider debate surrounding the use and treatment towards AI technology

      1. I also think that the use of resource for the development of this technology is unethical. With a shortage of engineers in the UK, we should be spending time and money on developing technology that can help in areas such as healthcare and construction, not for perverted pleasure!

        1. You make a good point, but as engineers, should our work be determined by the needs of the many vs. the needs of the few? By that argument, there are many technologies that may not exist which have lead to helping people in the long run.

  17. An article that covers a very worrying issue. The real impacts of Sexbots is not fully investigated, however I feel they will be heavily weighted on the negatives. They are likely to exacerbate sexual violence and be a step back for women’s rights. Not ethical at all!

    1. Thank you for your comment. Your viewpoint seem strongly against the development of this technology. I wonder, would you be swayed at all if studies provide their effectiveness in protecting vulnerable people in the sex industry or those at risk of abuse?

    1. Thank you for your comment and the link to the article. The section which says “these machines don’t have to be built in a human image for us to engage them with them a human way”, is very interesting! I imagine this could sway the viewpoint of many who disagree with the technology, even for the purpose of managing sexually harmful conditions. If robots are used which do not depict humans, does this take away the risks of normalising behaviours which could in fact lead to further harm?

  18. I find the point about sex robots perpetuating the objectification of women interesting and reason enough to prohibit the development of these robots. In the same way that pornography is damaging by inflicting unrealistic expectations of sex upon those that watch it, so too could the use of sex dolls. It could also have consequences on the problem of consent. As a robot is programmed and is not a moral agent, consent is not an issue between human and robot. Humans are free to do whatever they desire with the robot. This will inevitably have negative and damaging consequences on the user of the sex robot, who may apply this same logic to sex with humans. Whilst it may reduce human trafficking and prostitution, it does not seem worth the risk to undo everything that has been done in feminism over the years.

    Some people struggle to form relationship with other humans for whatever reason, it seems quite likely that a lot of these people will fill this desire for human interaction with the use of sex robots. Whilst this may fill a void in their lives, relying too heavily on technology can be damaging and I do not think it can feasibly replace the interaction that we get from humans. I am unsure about the extent to which these sex robots can interact already, but it seems likely that in the foreseeable future AI will be used so that humans will be able to interact and converse with these robots and form semi-emotional relationships with them (like in Spike Jonze’s film ‘Her’). Although this is quite an extreme view of the future of sex robots and may seem like an episode of Black Mirror, unless heavily regulated I think that the development of sex robots could be extremely damaging to our society and human interaction. This would also then provoke further debates about the moral agency of the robots.

    However it is worth noting that sex toys are normalised in our society, so if we accept that it is permissible to use electronic devices for sexual stimulation, why then is the leap to sex robots then seem less morally permissible and more problematic?

    1. Thanks for your comment! You raise some really important points for further research, i agree the danger of replacing human interaction is also very problematic but with so little real data it may be hard to predict the effect. Hope you enjoyed the article!

  19. This tackles a difficult subject very well. Sex toys are now widely accepted, so why are sex dolls different? Why do we draw the line between toy and doll?

    1. Thanks for your comment. I agree, the difference between sex toys and sex robots can be hard to determine. Do you think that the introduction of AI will be when questions are asked about how ethical it is to develop this kind of technology?

  20. Firstly, a great read that is well written and presents some interesting topics for debate – also love the headings!

    As mentioned previously in other comments, I had never considered the benefits of sex robots before reading this article; it was clear in my mind as something that is immoral/wrong. This article has, somewhat, enlightened me. If the positives were guaranteed to be true I would now be 100% for sex-bots, of all kinds, to tackle problems people face and provide an outlet for their urges.

    However, as the pessimist that I am, I just keep coming back to the same points in my mind. Maybe I’m underestimating the technology in hand but I find it hard to trust the effectiveness of these robots in fulfilling the urges of their users (although it would have completely changed the film, iRobot). Moreover, and again this may be me seeing the bad in people rather than the good, I could see the robots being used as a ‘gateway robot’ for people to experiment on before carrying out these terrible acts on real-life humans. Thus it could turn out to have the opposite effect than it intends. Ultimately, I am slightly concerned by the enormous figure of money being invested into this market when it could be better spent tackling the roots of the issues mentioned.

    1. Thanks for your comment. It is a large ethical debate, where people seem to be surprised how their viewpoints are being changed reading the article.

      This also brings up the question, if the technology is deemed unethical by the majority but introduced anyway, will viewpoints also change in a similar manner, to the point where it is accepted?

  21. This is a really interesting article. I have always felt very uncomfortable about sex dolls, particualry from a feminist point of view, and with the new advances in AI technology, thought of them becoming even more human-like is scary. However, I had not considered the opposing argument, that sex dolls could be used instead of the sex insustry. I do doubt whether this would actually be the case though – I would be interested to see statistics about this.

    I found the fact about the Canadian government charging someone with possessing indecent images when they had a sex doll particularly thought-provoking. If a doll is make to look, sound, and feel like a child, how is this any different to paedophilia? Even though it is argued that this could help to curb child sex offences, in our society child sex will be seen as morally wrong, no matter what form it takes.

    1. Thanks for your comment, we’re glad you enjoyed our article! It certainty is a more complex issue when you start looking into it with lots of ethical dilemmas to consider!

    2. Thanks for your comment. You make a good point, where do we draw the ethical and legal line for sexual acts being carried out on these objects? Even if people are redirecting their urges away from humans, is this any better if they’re still carrying them out?

  22. A very interesting read. I think there are some real potential benefits the article brings up about decreasing harm to real people. That being said I think, especially for treating paraphilia, I think the danger is that your allowing people to access these urges and normailize dangerous and harmful acts. I think there needs to be some research into the subject but personally I think it could do more harm than good.

    1. Thanks for your comment Mr Meakin! I agree more research should be undertaken in this area but if only there was funding and a willingness to do so we could learn so much more.

  23. The points about the potential positives for sexbots are surprisingly valid, however I am unsure how I can see them being implemented for these purposes without being exploited.

    What control measures do you think would be set to prevent this? Also, I think that many other laws would be introduced to protect children and other sensitivities. For example, being introduced into pornographic sites now, will the user have to prove that they are 18 before being able to use a sexbot?

    With A.I, will they become so advances that they cross the object/being border? And therefore gain rights in their own sense?

    1. Thank you for your comment! Yes the advantages are often not initially considered but are well worth thinking about. I think any control measures may end up being just as controversial than the bots themselves!
      The issue of rights of the robot is also very important and one not covered above as the authors didnt believe the bots were at this level of intelligence, however in the future its something that will need to be seriously considered across all the dilemmas we have discussed.

  24. You talk about your benefits for the idea of sexbots as ‘solutions’ to problems of today’s world. I feel this has come from your biased opinion of sexbots being a bad thing, and you had to create an inventive way where it could be used to be of help. I partially disagree.

    What about simply just the benefit of sexbots existing. The same reason as porn – pleasure. For the same reason they have been created in the first place; for people to experience the sexual sensations without a commitment or human involvements. It’s just an advanced form of masturbation.

    Let’s talk about the real matter here. Like porn, sexbots are a tool used for one’s personal pleasure. This is usually a very personal subject and it should be kept that way. What goes on in someone’s own time isn’t anyone’s business. Especially if it is not harming anyone.

    I see nothing wrong with having sex with a robot that looks and is programmed to resemble another human. It opens a path to sexual infinity, allowing anyone to be able to fulfil their fantasies. If some of those are dark fantasies, what the hell, they can be explored and it becomes the perfect product – satisfying the needs of every person.

    I agree with your point that it could replace actual sex on an intimacy level. But is this necessarily a bad thing. If the intercourse becomes better then real life then praise the technology. Sex for reproduction will be subdued but still required. I’m not sure, maybe there will become a more sustainable reproductive sexual procedure using robots that removes the need for human-human sex!

    1. Thanks for your comment! Your point is certainly valid and is the main reason for the production of the bots, however it is particularly one dimensional. The article intends to explore the further issues related to this technology and the possible downsides which it may bring. In an idealised world the technology would simply be used for pleasure, however sadly we have to look at the issue more broadly and consider many more stakeholders, we hope this article has helped you consider the issue in a greater depth.

  25. Very interesting argument and very well written.

    However, through arguing for sexbots, how do you ensure that these “paraphillic” actions are not implemented in the real world by these certain odd individuals? How realistic is too realistic?

    Same goes for paedophilia, as a consequence of trying to “cure” such an incurable disease, through the positive reinforcement of sex dolls. Are you not only then encouraging this indecent behaviour? Food for thought…

    1. Thanks for your comment! Yes it really is a dilemma! In an ideal world the bots would simply replace this behaviour, transferring any harm away from humans, but how can we be sure? and is there an acceptable ‘limit’?
      Surely an avenue for reducing harm should be explored in some way maybe?

  26. As a woman, I often have to resort to sex toys to ensure I am fully satisfied during sex, no matter how great the intercourse is. This is the way with many women and there shouldn’t be anything wrong with it. It just usually takes longer for females, but porn has negatively taught people that sex is generally over once the guy has finished.

    For men, I think sex bots are a threat. They could actually make men obsolete; a robot could outperform them in the bedroom. Whereas the sex for men, with a limp object, won’t actually remove the need for the human intimacy.

    Therefore, would you agree that sex bots could only be fair for women, as the pornographic society has trained men to only satisfy themselves? This could be a warning for men to rethink their focusses and objectives during intercourse.

    1. Thanks for your comment! An interesting angle to think about. Could this be combined with the issue of using sexbots to help with loneliness? If men were to find company and satisfaction with their bots it could be a larger threat to society where men and women are seen to interact much less, which is ultimately a much scarier prospect than whatever happens behind closed doors.

  27. An interesting article. Whilst I can see the good that the use of sex robots could do to reduce human trafficking and other issues asssociated with the sex industry, I think the fact that they would facilitate people in fulfilling their more unsavoury desires could bring about another issue. Such desires tend to propagate, people become numb to the things that used to satisfy them. If people are able to indulge in such things more regularly with robots, where previously thy may have resisted, this could, in fact, lead to an increase in crimes of a sexual nature as people look for more extreme ways to fulfil their desires.

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