The UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle), often known as a drone, represents a kind of aircraft with no pilot aboard. Nowadays, the applications of drones have many different sectors. And it is widely discussed whether it is beneficial or harmful to us.
MILITARY USE OF UAV
The unmanned aerial vehicle has wide applications in the military and defense world. Because of its small size, it has been used to help the military be aware of the unexploded bombs and save lives. Moreover, the unmanned aerial vehicles are used to the actions of air strikes. The U.S. military usually uses the UAV to attack militants in the tribal areas of Pakistan. The military operations can then be carried out by letting the UAV hovering around suspected areas, which controlled by the defense personnel. In addition, UAV is used by the government to investigate some sensitive areas, such as refugee camp, which can help the homeless people and ensure the safety of the territorial boundaries, as well as reduce conflicting situations.
However, in modern warfare, the use of UAV has caused much dispute in society. Because UAV only needs to be operated on the ground, it relies heavily on communications and GPS (Global Positioning System), which causes confusion between civilians and terrorists. And the drone strikes are designed to kill targets rather than capture them, so they will lead to unilateral killings.
The global military UAV market is dominated by companies from Israel and United States. By sale numbers in military market share, the US held over 60% in 2017. According to investigations, the number of civilian death caused by U.S. military attack in Pakistan, Yemen, and Somalia has reached more than 1000 since 2002. In Afghanistan, in recent years, both al-Qaida and Taliban fighters take children and women with them whenever they go to keep the safety of themselves. Moreover, the use of UAV for beheading is the latest development in military operations. In some countries, such as Pakistan, the national governments claim that they cannot predict and control the foreign missile strikes. In the hearts of the local residents, their fear of UAV is even greater than that of terrorists.
Therefore, it is important to control the military use of UAV. The regulations about the use of UAV in the international arena and the related international regulations should be improved urgently. The compliance and legalization of drones will not only help strengthen national defense security in all countries, but also make the relationship between countries benign and promote the stability of people’s lives.
NON-MILITARY USE OF UAV
UAV is also widely used in non-military sectors. The most important benefit is that it can save lives. In natural and manmade disasters, a rescue operation is always a fight against time, drones can arrive the site at a very high speed and collect information for rescue operations. With the help of the thermal sensor at the specified drones, they can also locate the lost persons, especially useful at nights or the places that are not reachable for humans and rescue teams, because of its small size and powerful camera. Therefore, the ongoing threats can be assessed without risking the safety of human life.
Moreover, unmanned aerial vehicles are often used in fast shipping and delivery.
Amazon is trying to use drones to carry out the 30-minute delivery services, which can reduce the human labor and improve the delivery efficiency. They can also be used to explore some essential details and unware footage in archeological research. In addition, UAV can also apply in geographic mapping, which includes some unattainable mountain tops, places where safety inspection is needed and dangerous coastlines.
Although UAV has a wide range of applications in environmental monitoring and other aspects. However, because some models of UAV are small and easy to conceal, many people use them for improper purposes, such as peeping on the privacy of others, shooting or photographing others without permission. And even spies use it for shooting military targets. For example, an aeronautical enthusiast was curious in May 2017 in a mountainous region in China, which is about the troops and then legally be detained for 10 days. On the other hand, since many regions do not have relative laws and regulations governing the flight of drones, some people play their drones on low airways and pose a security threat to the civilian or military aircraft. Just as in April 2015, at Heathrow Airport of the United Kingdom, an unmanned aircraft collided with a passenger plane with 132 passengers. Fortunately, it did not cause casualties.
To conclude, it is quite important to set up relative laws to regulate the non-military use of UAV, although it is very hard as it needs the cooperation of many different countries. In the future, the applications of UAV should be paid more attention to regulate it by laws, which could be beneficial for human society significantly for long-term development.